Wattle & Daub: Craft, Conservation & Wiltshire Case Study
3.6 Daub
4.1 Soils
4.1.3 Strength
4.2 Dung
4.2.2 Lignin
4.2.3 Urine
4.3 Fibre
5.4.2 Renewal

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6.6 Wiltshire Conclusions

Wattle and daub in the county largely comprised oak staves, hazel wattle and plain daub. Daubs were of local soils with hay, straw and occasionally hair. All were calcareous, due either to the nature of the aggregate, chalk or the inclusion of a lime binder. Plaster top coats may have been more commonly used for living spaces and external faces of panels. Decoration included incised stick-work, to either plain daub or plastered finishes.

This study of wattle and daub was limited chiefly by the ability to locate and gain access to exposed panels. Knowledge could be enhanced through continued and systematic recording of wattle and daub using a methodology similar to that described above and by striving to record temporarily exposed external panels during repair.
A fuller understanding of the relationship between daubs and the soils surrounding a building could be gained through soil samples being taken at each site together with a larger sample of buildings. Additionally, more detailed soil analyses, including identifying the form of calcium carbonate, may have been possible if a soil mechanics laboratory service could have been used.